Estonia language belongs to Finno-Ugric language family. Most known and biggest languages in Finno-Ugric language family are Finnish, Hungarian and Estonian.
The most similar language for Estonian is Finnish, even if Estonians have not learned it they can understand quite many sentences. The main difference is that Finnish has lot of loan words from Swedish, but Estonian has lot of loan words from from Germany and some from Russian and English.
The oldest examples of written Estonian words and phrases are found in the early 13th century, longer texts from 16th century.
Estonian is spoken by 1.1 miljon people over the world, 150 000 are abroad - in Sweden, Canada, USA, Russia, Finland and other countries.
Alphabet: a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m, n, o, p, q, r, s, t, u, v, õ, ä, ö, ü, x, y.
Estonian is not easy to learn for someone used to English. Vocabulary is rich and utterly unrecognizable. It has 14 productive cases, no grammatical gender (you can say word "tema" for both man and a woman), no articles.
Although the language sounds very beautiful, it has exotic vowel-rich words and song-like intonation. Estonian is also known as one of the world's most beautiful sounding languages.
Estonians are very happy if you know some words and will be glad to help you if you need some direction or anything else.
Some similar or identical words to English:
Natural - Naturaalne
Control - Kontroll
Toll - Toll
Analyze - Analüüs
Hotel - Hotell
Bus - Buss
Taxi - Takso
Some English-Estonia translations:
Estonia - Eesti
Estonian - Eestlane
Beautiful - Ilus
Hello - Tere
Goodbye - Head aega
Please - Palun
Thank you - Aitäh
Good morning - Tere hommikust
Help - Appi
What's your name? - Mis on teie nimi?
My name is... - Minu nimi on ...
Excuse me - Vabandage
Sorry - Vabandust
I love you - Ma armastan sind
One - Üks
Two - Kaks
Three - Kolm
Four - Neli
Five - Viis
Six - Kuus
Seven - Seitse
Eight - Kaheksa
Nine - Üheksa
Ten - Kümme
English-Estonia-English translation dictionary:
It is the Estonian-English-Estonian dictionary containing 17 000 English words.
Return from Estonia Language to Estonia Facts
Return from Estonia Language to Home Page