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Estonia Facts

Estonia is a small and very beautiful country in Northern Europe, here are some Estonia facts about geographi, government, regions, national holidays, people, population, language, currency and more.

Estonia Facts - geography

* Area: 45 227 km² (the Tartu Peace Treaty of 1920 defined 47 549 km²)
* Coastline: 3794 km
* Land Borders: 343.0 km with Latvia and 338.6 km with the Russian Federation
* Distance from Tallinn to Helsinki: 85km; to Riga: 307km; to St.Petersburg: 395km; to Stockholm: 405km

Look on the map where is Estonia exactly.


* Type: Parliamentary democracy
* Head of State: President Toomas Hendrik Ilves
* Head of Government: Prime Minister Andrus Ansip
* Legislature: unicameral Riigikogu
* High court: Supreme Court
* Suffrage: Universal for citizens who have attained 18 years of age for national elections. All legal residents, regardless of citizenship, who have attained 18 years of age can vote in local elections
* Administrative regions: 15 counties

Regions in Estonia

There are 15 counties in Estonia:
Harjumaa, Hiiumaa, Ida-Virumaa, Järvmaa, Jõgevamaa, Läänemaa, Lääne-Virumaa, Põlvamaa, Pärnumaa, Raplamaa, Saaremaa, Tartumaa, Valgamaa, Viljandimaa ja Võrumaa.

There are 47 cities (actually towns):
Abja-Paluoja, Antsla, Elva, Haapsalu, Jõgeva, Jõhvi, Kallaste, Karksi-Nuia, Kehra, Keila, Kilingi-Nõmme, Kiviõli, Kohtla-Järve, Kunda, Kuressaare, Kärdla, Lihula, Loksa, Maardu, Mustvee, Mõisaküla, Narva, Narva-Jõesuu, Otepää, Paide, Paldiski, Põltsamaa, Põlva, Pärnu, Püssi, Rakvere, Rapla, Räpina, Saue, Sillamäe, Sindi, Suure-Jaani, Tallinn, Tamsalu, Tapa, Tartu, Tõrva, Türi, Valga, Viljandi, Võhma and Võru.

You can find out more about biggest cities in the section Cities of Estonia.

The capital of Estonia is Tallinn. Read here about Tallinn hotels, maps, photos and travel information.

Public and National Holidays

National holiday, which is a day off:
24. February - Independence Day, anniversary of the Republic of Estonia

Public holidays and days off are:
1. January - New Year's Day
- Good Friday
- Easter Sunday
1. May- May Day
- Pentecost
23. June - Victory Day
24. June - Midsummer Day
20. August - Day of Restoration of Independence
24. December - Christmas Eve
25. December - Christmas Day
26. December - Boxing Day

You can find more detailed information about Estonian national holidays here.

Population of Estonia

Population: 1 340 935 (1st January 2008)
Men: 617 410
Women: 723 525
Population density: 31 inhabitants per square km
The proportion of urban population (1.01.2007): 69.4%
The proportion of rural population: 30.6%
The birth rate in 2006 was 11.1 per 1000 residents while the mortality rate reached 12.9 per 1000 residents
Largest ethnic groups: Estonians (69%), Russians (26%), Ukrainians (2%), Belarussians (1%) and Finns (1%)

Read more about population of Estonia.

People in Estonia

Population: 1 340 935 (1st January 2008)
Living in Tallinn: 397 617
Living in Harjumaa county: 523 277
Average bruton wage: 12 337
Unemployment: 0,6%
Export: 12 234,7 mil kroons
Import: 15 834,1 mil kroons

Read more intresting facts about people who live in Estonia.

Estonia Facts - language

The official language in Estonia is Estonian which belongs to the Finno-Ugric language family and is closely related to Finnish. Along with Finnish, English, Russian and German are also widely spoken and understood. It is spoken by over 1,1 million people in Estonia and tens of thousands in other countries.

Read the history of Estonian language.

Estonia Facts - currency

The Estonian Kroon (EEK), 1 Kroon = 100 sents1 EUR = 15.65 EEK

Read more about the history of Estonia Currency.

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